Syllabus: Administration in Health Care — Teaching Students How to Think, Not What to Think



Course Information and Schedule

Assessment Methods and Grading Scale

Instructor Information

Textbook and Course Material

  1. Flock Not Clock by Derek and Laura Cabrera.
  2. The Pyramid Principle by Barbara Minto — or use the following free handout: The Pyramid Principle Handout.
  3. Public Policy Analysis by William Dunn.
  4. The Red Team Handbook: The Army’s Guide To Making Better Decisions published by the University of Foreign Military Cultural Studies (UFMCS).
  5. The Art of Reasoning by David Kelley.
  6. The Logical Structure of Objectivism by William Thomas and David Kelley.
  7. Awareness and Action: A General Semantics Approach to Effective Language Behavior by Mary P. Lahman.

Course Description

Teaching Methodology

Three Levels of Understanding

Emergent Knowledge

Conceptual Knowledge

  1. Forming concepts based on relevant dimensions of relative similarity among particulars: e.g. “tree,” “square,” etc.
  2. Generalizing from observation: e.g. “Dogs bark”.
  3. Drawing inferences from what we already know: e.g. “Because the cars have their wipers on, I can tell that it is raining outside.”
  4. Weighing evidence to draw conclusions about facts we cannot directly observe: e.g. the process of determining guilt in a criminal trial.
  5. Coming up with theories and hypotheses and testing them by experiment: e.g. the process of scientific research

Knowledge is Hierarchical

Metaphorical Learning and Transfer of Knowledge

Process of Abstraction

image created by Dr. Schwandt via Plectica


  1. People need tools and training to help them think through.
  2. Thinking fuels learning.
  3. Learning drives capacity, which makes mission possible and brings about vision.

Vision: Emergent and Adaptive Learning

  1. Hick’s Law: T = b x log2 (n +1)
image created by Dr. Schwandt via
image(s) from StatQuest — created by Dr. Schwandt via Plectica
image created by Dr. Schwandt via Plectica
  1. Power of data visualization at your fingertips.
  2. Helps people analyze data to solve problems.
  3. Can be applied to any field and/or business.
  4. You don’t need to understand coding.
  5. Leverage data and easily explain it to your boss.

Mission: Teaching Students How to Think, Not What to Think!

Capacity: Building Capacity Through Thinking

  1. First-Order Systems.
image created by Dr. Schwandt
example of a student map by Jackie Gonne
image from Swarm Learning Class Discussion Facebook Group
image created by Dr. Schwandt via Thortspace
image created by Dr. Schwandt via Plectica and

Learning: The Need to Adapt Creates the Need for Learning —A Class in Beta Mode

Course Objectives — OKRs

Course Content Objectives

Teaching, Learning Methods, and Course Structure

Teaching students how to think, not what to think leads to emergent and adaptive learning

created by Dr. Schwandt
image created by Dr. Schwandt — Swarm Learning Controller



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